Important international policies affecting open science and research are collected on these pages.
Plan S is a project that started in September 2018 that promotes open access to research publications. The project is backed by cOAlition S, an international network of research funders. The Plan S project requires that research publications on studies funded by cOAlition S members from 2021 onwards be published in open access publication channels.
The Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA)
The Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) recognizes the need to improve the ways in which research is evaluated. The Declaration was developed in San Francisco in 2012 at the annual meeting of the American Society for Cell Biology. The Dora Declaration has since become a global project covering all areas of research and stakeholders, including donors, publishers, scientific societies, research organisations and researchers.
UNESCO Recommendation on Open Educational Resources
UNESCO’s Recommendation on Open Educational Resources (2019) is one of the most important international policies on open educational resources. While the Recommendation is addressed to States, the proposed measures also have an indirect impact on organisations and individual teachers and learners. The recommendation emphasises five objectives:
- Capacity building
- Developing supportive policy
- Ensuring quality and equality
- Promoting economic sustainability
- Fostering and facilitating international cooperation
European Commission and Research Data
The European Commission encourages researchers to also publish research data. In the Horizon2020 programme, a separate pilot was launched, which even obliges the publication of research data. With the update of Horizon2020’s 2016-17 work programme, the pilot will expand to cover all thematic areas of Horizon2020, making research data open by default. Research data can best be published in data archives, which can be found, for example, through the re3data service. Since its formation, the European Research Council (ERC) has strongly supported the Open Access principles. In its guidelines, the European Research Council has also taken into account research data and recommends sharing them wherever possible.