Open Science and Research Reference Architecture 2024–2030 published

Text: Open Science and Research Reference Architecture on a green background.

The Open Science and Research Reference Architecture 2024–2030 provides an overview of the national target state for open science and research in 2030 and assesses its current state. 

The Open Science and Research Reference Architecture 2024–2030 ensures that the open science and research policy framework, i.e. the declaration, policies, and recommendations, are up to date and that the capabilities, services and processes of the research community are in line with the objectives set out in the policies. Furthermore, the architecture is also one of the entities that guides the AVOTT monitoring. 

The reference architecture was created by a working group operating under the Finnish Open Science Coordination (AVOTT) in 2021–2023 on the initiative of the National Open Science and Research Steering Group and the Ministry of Education and Culture. The Refence Architecure was accepted in a Steering Group meeting on 13 December 2023. 

Several other members of the national research community took part in the work through workshops and consultations. The architecture also underwent a round of public feedback in spring 2023. Chair of the WG Susanna Nykyri from Tampere University expresses profound gratitude to both the WG and scientific community for the collective effort:

"The collective effort to create this architecture has been exceptionally extensive – a warm thank you to everyone involved! It has been exhilarating to engage in such intensive development work with such broad content and a diverse group of experts! The contributions from CSC and, in particular, AVOTT have been significant, and without them, this endeavor would not have been possible.

The need for support continues as we implement the architecture and ensure its up-to-dateness, which has been considered in the management model of the architecture. Thus, we have only completed one major phase of work, and now the real work to enable its impact begins! The architecture provides substantial concrete benefits to advance the prerequisites, quality, and impact of open science, as well as economic sustainability," Nykyri continues.

The Policy Framework for Open Science and Research provides the Reference Architecure its strategic foundation

The reference architecture is based on the Declaration for Open Science and Research 2020–2025, as well as four policies further specifying related goals, objectives, and actions. The declaration and policies form the strategic foundation for the reference architecture. In addition to these, the most relevant international guidelines and national architectures related to the reference architecture have been taken into account. 

The reference architecture is a recommendatory document. It can serve as a guiding framework for an organisation, its architecture, or development as it provides a shared model and terminology for the planning and implementation work.  In addition, the following national actions are proposed:

  • Sufficient competence and the necessary training in different areas of open science and research must be guaranteed.
  • The resource requirements of open research and education must be systematically taken into account in the funding models.
  • The legal and operational interoperability of the research community's organisations must be ensured, and attention must be paid to the necessary legal competence and interoperability of processes at all community levels.
  • Artificial intelligence must be considered in the development of open science and research. This involves, among other things, the openness of AI models and responsible utilisation of AI in open science and research.
  • The maintenance, utilisation and interoperability of architectural work must be ensured and its international interoperability must be promoted, particularly at the EU level.

Reference Architecture in a Nutshell  


Page 9 of the Reference Architecture 2024-2030 in a Nutshell describes essential content from the service categories of the Reference Architecture.

Summary describes the content and use of the reference architecture at a general level and highlights key observations. Photo: TSV. 

A summary of the Reference Architecture has been drafted by the AVOTT Secretariat that operates within the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies (TSV). The summary describes the content and use of the reference architecture at a general level and highlights key observations. The summary also contains instructions on how the reference architecture should be utilised. 

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